Eastern in Siikalahti

On Maundy Thursrday I visited Siikalahti only briefly as I had been more or less sick during the week. So I saw only a couple of Pintails, 2 adult White-tailed Eagles and a Hen Harrier. In Särkisalmi I saw 4 Great Crested Grebes.

On Good Friday we stayed in Siikalahti from 8:25 a.m. to 3 p.m. and it was still northern wind. Exactly 100 Rough-legged Buzzards were seen migrating which was a great record. But not many other birds were moving. We saw a Greylag Goose, 20 Barnacle Geese, 2 Black-throated Divers, heard 4 Water Rails, 2 Whimbrels, a Redshank, a Stock Dove, 2 Waxwings and 5 Jays. After a short break I still went to see if there were still more Rough-legged Buzzards moving in the evening but saw only 2 of them. Also a Hen Harrier was seen and from the tower I saw 4 Shovelers, 6 Pintails, 12 Smews and 3 Tufted Ducks.

On the 20th of April we were in Siikalahti from 8:30 a.m. until midday but still it was very quiet. 6 Marsh Harriers, a Hen Harrier, 15 Rough-legged Buzzards, 6 Ospreys and 3 Gold Finches were seen. I also heard Penduline Tit -like calls shortly but saw nothing, so it was just one more bad observation.

In the afternoon we headed to Saari and visited all the regular places. We found a Hen Harrier and 11 Linnets in Pohjanranta, a Hen Harrier, 8 Golden Plovers and 3 Greenshanks in Suurenjärvenliete, 5 Golden Plovers and a White-backed Woodpecker in Tarassiinlahti, 2 Bewick’s Swans in Kanavalampi and a Northern Wheatear in Karinmäki. We also saw a Weasel playing hide and seek under logs. In the evening I still twitched a Black-tailed Godwit in Siikalahti.

On Eastern Sunday it was still quiet on migration. From 7 a.m. to 1 p.m. we were in Siikalahti and I saw a Black Kite early in the morning and we saw another one later during the day. 4 Rough-legged Buzzards, 120 Cranes, 2 Linnets and a Chiffchaff were seen. In the evening we still headed to bird-tower and counted 45 Tufted Ducks, 36 Pochards, 13 Smews, 10 Great Crested Grebes and saw a stunning adult male Peregrine migrating. On the dam-road we didn’t hear any Jack Snipes even though Common Snipes were active. In Huhmarinen we heard a distant Long-eared Owl.

On Eastern Monday we still headed to Siikalahti and stayed there from 8:30 a.m. to 2 p.m. Finally the wind had turned southerly and it was also cloudy, we had got enough sun on previous days. Thrushes and Chaffinches were migrating, but otherwise it was still surprisingly quiet. We saw 5 local Bewick’s Swans, a Greylag Goose, 10 Black-throated Divers, again one Black Kite that was soaring some time over the bay before continued migrating towards north, 17 Rough-legged Buzzards, a Black-tailed Godwit, 3 Greenshanks, a Heuglin’s Gull, a Song Thrush, 32 Mistle Thrush, 2 Chiffchaffs, 3 Lapland Buntings and a Linnet. In Särkisalmi we saw 11 Black-throated Diver and a Red-necked Grebe that had accompanied the Great Crested Grebes.

So we had been out most of the Eastern but the birds that we had seen had been very previsible…

J.A.

Spring finally coming

After coming back from Jurmo it was still more like winter in Parikkala. Common Starling was still visiting a feeder and only migrants I saw on the 18th of March were some Herring Gulls. On the 19th day I saw some Whooper Swans and 5 Lapwings.

On the 21st of March I saw a migrating Starling, a Common Buzzard and a White-tailed Eagle and on the 22nd day evening a beautiful Great Grey Owl was seen in Siikalahti.

On the 23rd day I saw already 25 Lapwings, 3 Blackbirds, 3 Common Buzzards and a Skylark and in the evening we did a short owl-trip but heard only a single Long-eared Owl in Siikalahti.

On the 24th day it felt more like spring when we saw 3 Greylag Geese, 3 Canada Geese, 4 White-tailed Eagles, 2 Sparrowhawks, 6 Common Buzzards, 70 Lapwings, 4 Stock Doves, 6 Woodpigeons, 6 Skylarks, a Meadow Pipit, 8 Starlings, a Goldfinch and a Reed Bunting. Also a couple of Grey-headed Woodpeckers and a Black Woodpecker was seen.

During the week the weather was colder again and I saw only a flock of 35 Snow Buntings and some lonely migrant.

On the 29th of March it started to happen again and there was even some open water in Siikalahti. 31 Whooper Swans with 2 very early Bewick’s Swans, 2 Greylag Geese, 19 Tundra and 2 Taiga Bean Geese were counted. Also 70 Lapwings, 2 or 3 White-tailed Eagles, 17 Woodpigeons, 14 Skylarks, a Rook and 3 Reed Bunting were seen.

On the 30th of March we participated to Wilderness rally together with Miska Loippo. We had a huge area from Tyrjä to Saari Akanvaara. Our first stop at 3 a.m. was amazing when we heard a couple of Eagle Owls calling together and they even copulated just 300 meters from us and called every different call.

But then no other owls were heard and morning came too early and we missed some time before we were in Tyrjä on the best places to be in early morning. But still we heard several Black Woodpeckers and plenty of Great Spotted Woodpeckers. Also a couple of Goshawks, 2 Capercaillies, nice flock of 30 female Black Grouses and about 10 heard males, a flock of Common Crossbills, a White-backed Woodpecker, a couple of Wood Larks were found. Also Goldcrest and Siskin were finally got as year-ticks.

We tried to check every corner of our area with Miska and Hanna was walking whole morning along smaller roads. During the day it started to blow quite strong which made birding difficult. We also visited Tyrjänmäki for an hour and saw 2 White-tailed Eagles and some Common Buzzards. Other better birds found in the afternoon were a Dipper and a Mistle Thrush.

The results were again given in Pitkäjärvi and all other teams had also had a good day! Team Valonen won once again but we were second. We would’ve won if only birds were giving points, but in this rally also mammals give points – and we hadn’t seen a single mammal…

On the 31st of March we were whole morning in Siikalahti and saw again a Bewick’s Swan. A Great Bittern was calling quietly. Other birds seen were a Merlin, 2 Common Cranes, a rare here Great Black-backed Gull and White-backed, Grey-headed and Lesser Spotted Woodpecker.

On the 1st of April a Bewick’s Swan was still there in Siikalahti and other birds seen were 5 White-tailed Eagles and a Linnet. On the next day I counted 88 Whooper Swans but the Bewick’s was gone. Bean Geese were now accompanied with some White-fronted Geese and Canada Geese were still around too. Some other migrants were seen too but nothing new.

On the 3rd day I saw 3 male Hen Harriers, 2 Common Snipes and a White Wagtail. A flock of 53 Starlings were nice too. On the 4th day a Marsh Harrier, a Kestrel, 2 Coots and 2 Golden Plovers were seen.

On the 5th of April the best birds were a flock of 100 Snow Buntings, a Rough-legged Buzzard and a Grey Heron. In the afternoon I drove to Iisalmi where we had fun evening with some of my old friends. During the weekend we participated to +40 years rinkball Finnish championship tournament and got bronze. While in Kuopio I saw a Lesser Black-backed Gull as a year-tick. On Sunday when I was back in Parikkala I visited Siikalahti and saw a Common Pochard.

On the 8th day the first Wrens and Robins were singing along the road to Siikalahti and I also heard a Nuthatch. The first Common Teals, Goosanders and a Stock Dove were seen in Siikalahti. On the 9th day I saw a Green Sandpiper and some Redwings. Also a Great Grey Shrike was seen and in the afternoon I saw an Arctic Redpoll in our back-yard.

On the 11th day I saw an Osprey and a Curlew and on the next day I saw too distant eagle that looked pretty interesting but was too far…

During the weekend we were in Finnish Champinship rinkball tournament in Varkaus, but I was sick, so I was only watching the games. It was very frustrating as I am the captain of the team and this was maybe my last possibility to play in the best level – well maybe one more year? On Sunday when I was back at Parikkala I visited Siikalahti shortly even though I was still in very bad shape. I saw 9 Rough-legged Buzzards and a Merlin.

Hanna had been staying in her hide at weekend for several hours and got some nice pictures of some early migrants like Starlings, Robins and Siskins.



On the 15th of April 7 White-tailed Eagles, again 9 Rough-legged Buzzards, 51 Cranes, a couple of Wigeons and 2 very early Little Ringed Plovers were found in Siikalahti. In the evening we saw also a Woodcock. About 200 geese were already flying around.

On the next day new arrivals were 3 Smews and also 10 Pochards, 4 Hen Harriers, 25 Sparrowhawks, 31 Rough-legged Buzzards were seen. Again I saw a too distant eagle that looked good but was just too far to be sure as it was just gliding away. The first Water Rail was calling and about 10 Curlews and Lesser Black-backed Gulls were migrating, more than 1000 Chaffinches with some Bramblings were also counted. On the 17th day only birds to notice were a flock of 6 White-tailed Eagles. In the evening we visited the hide in Siikalahti where Whooper Swans were giving us a good show.

J.A.

Long weekend in Jurmo

On the 14th of March I had a short holiday and I had decided to go to Parainen Jurmo to get some feeling of spring. The driving weather was awful as all the roads were completely frozen, but I managed to get to Pärnäinen ferry-terminal just 15 minutes before Eivor left towards Jurmo.

Already in Pärnäinen I got a couple of year-ticks when I saw a couple of Common Eiders, a Great Black-backed Gull and later on the ferry I saw 6 White-tailed Eagles, a Long-tailed Duck, 29 Common Eiders, 2 Black-headed Gulls, 14 Great Black-backed Gulls, 3 Black Guillemots and so on.

When Eivor stopped briefly in Nötö, I saw a Rook, a Woodpigeon and 5 migrating Lapwings. It was already getting dark when the ferry was finally in Jurmo and in the harbor I saw a Grey Heron flying over the sea.

I walked to the bird-station where I met Timo Palomäki and Arto Aaltonen who had just started the log. So I soon knew pretty well what birds had been on the island and after I had eaten, we were ready to sleep. I had been traveling whole day so I was very tired.

On the 15th of March we woke up before 6 a.m. but soon we found out that there was very thick fog outside. Anyway we climbed to the hill to the daily migrationd watch. But the fog was so bad that soon Timo and Arto gave up and I stayed for the rest of the time alone almost without any observations. A Greylag Goose and a Snow Bunting was heard and some Skylarks seen.

During the day I walked the western route and counted all birds. A Black Grouse was flushed and 9 Greylag Geese migrated over me but otherwise it was very quiet. I still saw a Ringed Plover and a Yellowhammer before I turned to Heinäsaari. It was a long walk to the tip of Heinäsaari but it was worthy – I saw the Turnstone that had been overwintering there. It was the first overwintering Turnstone ever in Finland!

The visibility got a little bit better when it started to rain but still I didn’t see anything better than some ducks. But when I started to walk back I saw a Shore Lark flying over me with 2 Skylarks. When I was acl on the western route, I saw 28 more Skylarks, 2 couple of Lapwings and again the same Shore Lark.

I walked slowly back to the station when it got extremely foggy again. There were plenty of Blackbirds and Greenfinches visiting the feeder with a couple of Chaffinches and 3 Reed Buntings. After I had eaten I still did a short walk towards east and saw a Common Shelduck. But soon I walked back to the station to rest as it was not worthy to get wet.

When we were already sleeping Tarmo Lehtilä, Rusto Suksi and Ilkka Lehtonen arrived to the station. They had come to twitch the Turnstone as a month-tick and stayed on the station for weekend.

On the 16th day the twitchers left towards west early. Timo climbed to watch migration and together with Arto we headed to count western route.

It was still foggy and clearly less birds around than on the previous day. The Ringed Plover was found again and a couple of Shelducks on the lagoon. When we were turning towards Heinäsaari Risto called that they had seen 3 Purple Sandpipers in flight and then I heard Tarmo shouting that the Turnstone was just found.

We also walked to see the Turnstone again and after some waiting we saw a flock of 29 Purple Sandpipers and most of the flock landed to some rocks briefly. Unfortunately a wintering Dunlin wasn’t in the flock. We still saw 3 Black-headed Gulls and 4 migrating Eurasian Wigeons before we headed back to the route.
When we were back on the station I ate well and headed to walk to the forests. It was raining a lot but anyway I managed to find 3 Woodcocks.

In the evening the weather was excellent so it wasn’t a surprise that a Long-eared Owl started to call in the village.

On the 17th of March we headed to morning migration watch with a big group. Only Timo headed west. The weather was very good but we knew it was turning bad soon. The migration was very good and in 2 hours we saw 7 Razorbills, 2 Black Guillemots, 51 Canada, 3 Greylag, 3 White-fronted and 2 Tundra Bean Geese, 253 Common Eiders, 15 Long-tailed Ducks, 22 Common Scoters, 23 Red-breasted Mergansers, 7 Cormorants, 12 Lapwings, a Stock Dove and a Mistle Thrush. Also we saw at least 15 White-tailed Eagles and a female Black Grouse.

Soon the weather changed very windy, cold and wet, but I still did a long walk but saw only some Black-headed Gulls and a Woodcock.

I was wet when I got back to the station and soon I had packed everything and it was time to start walking towards the harbor. Only Timo was leaving to the island and he was going to stay whole spring.

The weather was so bad that we stayed inside the ferry all the way. Finally we were in Pärnäinen more than an hour early as the ferry didn’t stop in every island.

And the driving weather was again extremely bad! It took more than 2 hours longer than usually to get back home. Luckily I managed to drive safely and was at home after midnight.

J.A.

First migrants

On the 2nd of March we headed to Tyrjä to see migrating eagles. The weather was very good but turned worse slowly. Anyway the only 2 White-tailed Eagles were seen after a couple of hours scanning empty skies. Also a Whooper Swan was migrating so the first migrants were finally seen by us too.

On the 3rd day we walked a short walk around Kirkonkylä and saw a Nuthatch and a Treecreeper.

I had lots of games in Lappeenranta in the beginning of the month and I stopped several times on Vuoksi and Kokkolanjoki but saw only a couple of Herring Gulls and Whooper Swans in Vuoksi and a Goosander, a couple of Goldeneyes and some Dippers in Kokkolanjoki.

On the 8th of March I saw a Whooper Swan flying around frozen and still very snowy Siikalahti and a Gtey-headed Woodpecker and a couple of White-backed Woodpeckers were already actively calling and drumming.

On the 9th day we headed to Lappeenranta and stopped on the way in Imatra. The weather was really bad but 10 Cormorants and an Arctic Redpoll were seen in Kupari, a hybrid Gooded x Carrion Crow in Imatrankoski and 3 Arctic Redpolls, a Lesser Redpoll and 15 migrating Herring Gulls going south.

On the 10th day there was a Great Grey Owl on one feeder in Kangaskylä for whole say. Luckily it left when it was getting dark and seemed to be in good shape. A Starling was still seen too, so it has been wintering succesfully.


On the 13th day ”Potu” Suojarinne was visiting Parikkala and we visited Siikalahti where we met a ringer who was just ringing a White-backed Woodpecker. We saw also another White-backed Woodpecker and heard a Grey-headed Woodpecker.

J.A.

Beginning of 2019

Around Christmas and New Year we were birding in Oman, but on the 6th of January we were back in Finland and the first year-tick was a Hooded Crow in Helsinki-Vantaa airfield. On the way to Parikkala we stopped in Lappeenranta to see an Eagle Owl to second yea-tick and also some Mallards were seen.

On the 7th of January I ticked Rock Doves, Jackdaws, Great Tits, Tree Sparrows, Magpies, Yellowhammers, House Sparrows and a Starling that was still in Kangaskylä. In Kannas I saw Blue Tits, a Blackbird, Greenfinches, a Nuthatch, a White-backed Woodpecker and a Great Spotted Woodpecker. On the next days only new birds were a Raven and then a Common Redpoll.

UrpiainenOn the 10th day I saw a Goshawk flying over health-center and in Imatra Vuoksi I saw Goldeneyes and Goosanders. On the 11th day in Siikalahti I saw Willow Tits, a couple of Arctic Redpolls and a Long-tailed Tit, in Kontiolampi a Hazel Hen flew across the road and in Tyrjänkoski I found a Dipper. In afternoon I still ticked Coal Tits and Jays in Kirkonkylä.

On the 12th day we went birding to Imatra and Lappeenranta. We stopped on the way in Simpele Lahnanen where Bullfinches were calling and a family of Whooper Swans were wintering. In Kangaskoski we saw a Dipper before we continued towards Imatra. While driving in Ruokolahi, we surprisingly saw a female Pheasant crossing the road and a little bit later a Black Grouse flew over the road in Imatra motorway.

Along Vuoksi we saw several Cormorants, in Neitsytniemi we saw a couple of Grey-headed Woodpeckers and Long-tailed Tits. In Mehiläismäki we twitched a Hawfinch and a couple of Fieldfares. In Itä-Siitola we saw a wintering Tufted Duck and in Imatrankoski a couple of Smews. In Mellonlahti we saw a rare wintering bird, a Great Crested Grebe and also 5 Whooper Swans, but even though we tried a lot, we couldn’t find any Little Grebes.

In Joutseno we tried once more to find Marsh Tits without luck and in Lappeenranta we saw a Chaffinch, 6 Teals in Reijola and 3 Starlings in Toikansuo. So we weren’t very lucky in Lappeenranta. In the evening we went to movies.

On the 13th day we went to Siberian Jay forest with Elissa Soikkeli and Pekka Punnonen. While skiing we saw 6 Crested Tits and when on the best forest we found 2 Three-toed Woodpeckers and a Black Woodpecker. Then an amazing flock of 23 Pine Grosbeaks flew over us and while celebrating this unexpected record, we noticed that a lonely Siberian Jay had came to see us too. So a couple of hours trip had been really good!

During the week I saw an Arctic Redpoll in our back-yard and a Chaffinch in Kangaskylä. On the 19th day there were 4 Arctic Redpolls in a flock of 35 Common Redpolls in Tarvaslampi and in Kannas I saw a Treecreeper.

On the 20th of January I had managed to arrange a group-twitch to one feeder in Taipalsaari where was a Siberian Tit! There were surprisingly only 10 twitchers participating but the bird was showing very well and it was my 299th species in South-Karelia!

After the twitch we still visited some places in Lappeenranta and Joutseno but saw only a Goshawk in Kaukas, now 7 Teals in Reijola and on the way back home I saw a Sparrowhawk in Kesola.

On the 26th day was the Garden Twitch and in Tarvaslampi there were 6 Arctic Redpolls in a flock of 50 Common Redpolls. We also tried to ring a Nuthatch in Tiviä without luck. A Black Woodpecker was seen on the way back home.

UrpiainenHarakka

On Sunday we did a short walk in Kangaskylä in a very cold weather. The same Starling was almost in our garden and surprisingly we found a White-backed Woodpecker in a new place. On the last day of January I visited Siikalahti and saw a Lesser Spotted Woodpecker, a White-backed Woodpecker and in Kannas a Chaffinch.

On the first of February I visited Siikalahti where I saw a Grey-headed Woodpecker, a couple of White-backed Woodpeckers and a couple of Long-tailed Tits. The Starling was seen again and in the afternoon I started a long drive towards Kirkkonummi. On the way I stopped in Kangaskoski and saw 5 Whooper Swans, a couple of Dippers and finally also a Little Grebe, In Itä-Siitola I saw a Tufted Duck again and then I tried a couple of different Marsh Tits but still without luck. The same Eagle Owl was seen again in Lappeenranta.

On the 2nd day Matias Castrén picked me up in Kirkkonummi and together with Matias, Markus Lampinen and Jari Laitasalo we started driving towards Hanko and traditional Bongariliitto weekend. We did some birding in Tammisaari but saw only a Treecreeper and Long-tailed Tits. In Hanko we managed to twitch a Lapland Bunting and a couple of Woodpigeons and in very windy conditions we saw also some Chaffinches a Goshawk and a Sparrowhawk in Hanko centrum.

From the harbors we found Tufted Ducks, a Coot, Mute Swans, Common, Herring and Black-headed Gulls, Long-tailed Ducks, a White-tailed Eagle and a male Red-breasted Merganser. The weather was so bad that nothing else was found and then it was time to drive to Tvärminne where we were having a meeting until 2 a.m.

On the 3rd day we had planned to do more birding but the weather was even worse. We visited only Neljäntuulentupa where we saw some same species as on the previous day and a Fieldfare. After a stop in Kirkkonummi, I continued to twitch a Dunnock in Helsinki Lauttasaari and a Song Thrush in Metsälä. They were both month-ticks and Song Thrush I ave seen now every month. Then I drove back to Parikkala in really bad driving conditions.

During the week I saw only some Waxwings in Kangaskylä. On Sunday the 10th I finally managed to twitch a Marsh Tit in Joutseno. Stil I didn’t see any of them but heard one singing several times. With Sampsa Cairenius we visited also Vuoksi where we saw 5 Dippers in Mellonlahti, a Little Grebe, a Whooper Swan, 12 Cormorants and an Arctic Redpoll in Kupari. The rest of the day I was participating local rarity-committee meeting.

On the 14th day I saw once again the Starling in Kangaskylä, a Black Grouse and a White-backed Woodpecker in Siikalahti and then a flock of 23 Goldfinches in Kangaskylä. On the 16th day I saw 4 Goldeneyes and a Goosander in Kokkolanjoki and on the next day these same birds again but also 4 Dippers.

On the 23rd of February I made the winter-bird count again: a Black Grouse, 7 Rock Doves, a Grey-headed Woodpecker, 3 Greater Spotted Woodpeckers, 23 Blue, 78 Great, 2 Willow and a Crested Tit, 5 Jays, 10 Magpies, 35 Jackdaws, 15 Hooded Crows, 2 Ravens, 10 House Sparrows, 54 Tree Sparrows, 21 Greenfinches, 23 Common Redpolls, 2 Arctic Redpolls, 6 Bullfinches and 2 Yellowhammers.

On the 24th day we visited Siberian Jay again and managed to see it briefly while it was chasing a Pygmy Owl that was calling like in autumn. We also heard a couple of drumming Three-toed Woodpeckers and I heard one more calling. Other birds seen were just tits and Jays. On the way back we saw a Black Woodpecker and the Starling was again seen in Kangaskylä.

J.A.

Luminen metsä

Winter birding and dipping

On the 1st of December I had to go birding even though I didnät expect to find any winter-ticks in Parikkala. In Koitsanlahti I saw a Nuthatch and a Velvet Scoter and the same Great Crested Grebe was seen from 2 places I visited. 9 Common Gulls were still flying around Lake Simpele and Mallards were seen in two places, but Whooper Swans only in Härskiinmutka. In Tyrjä I saw a Dipper and in Soininmäki a Siberian Jay, a Goldcrest and several Crested Tits. In Tarvaspohj I saw a Grey-headed Woodpecker and in Särkisalmi a Chaffinch and a Blackbird. When I counted that I had seen 29 species I tried pretty hard to find the 30th species of the day but I couldn’t find anything new. Even Rock Doves were missing. So the winter had started as I had expected – it was time to hang binoculars tothe wall for several months.

On the 2nd day I twitched a Barnacle Goose in Imatra as a South-Karelia winter-tick in Imatra Vuoksi. I also saw a Little Grebe there and a Scaup in Immalanjärvi. Then I tried to twitch a Marsh Tit as a year-tick in Joutseno Kivisaari but saw only a huge flock of Yellowhammers with plenty of Chaffinches and a Brambling. In Lappeenranta Luukkaansalmi I still saw 3 Cormorants and a flock of 24 Teals.

On the 3rd day a Black-headed Gull was again in Särkisalmi and on the next day Jouko Rantanen found a Pochard in Muukkosenselkä. The gull was in Särkisalmi still on a couple of next days and Pochard stayed until the whole lake got frozen before mid December.

On the Independence Day we went to see the Siberian Jay again and also saw a couple of Black and 3 Grey-headed Woodpeckers. Also a Blackbird and an Arctic Redpoll were seen and then we accidentally found a carcass where was a young Golden Eagle and also a Goshawk nearby.


On the 7th of December we went to twitch to Helsinki with Sampsa Cairenius. There had been the same Turtle Dove that I had seen on November and also a King Eider, but even though we tried for whole morning we couldn’t find either of the birds. And actually they were never seen again. Only better bird we saw were 2 Scaups in Kallvik. We also tried to see a Little Grebe and then a Black Swan in Kouvola on the way back but we couldn’t find them either. So it was like a one day cut of my whole twitching year…

On the 8th day we counted even 70 Chaffinches on one flock in Koitsanlahti and on the 11th day I saw the Pochard last time.

On the 15th day I tried again to twitch a Marsh Tit in Kivisaari but saw only a Merlin chasing the flock of Yellowhammers and Chaffinches. On the way back to Parikkala, I tried to find another Marsh Tit in Joutseno Kirkonkylä, but again found only a Sparrowhawk, a Goshawk and 2 Coal Tits.

On the 16th day we did an hour walk in Kangaskylä and surprisingly found several better birds. A Grey-headed Woodpecker was calling in our own back-yard, a Starling was found on one feeder, there was a Coal Tit and a Nuthatch in a big flock of tits and on another flock there was a Lesser Spotted Woodpecker. Also a Goshawk was seen flying over us and 8 House Sparrows were counted in a flock of Tree Sparrows. Then on the next day I counted even 44 Rock Doves which is the biggest flock ever in Parikkala.

Days before Christmas holiday were busy and the winter had arrived so there was no reason to do much birding. On the 22nd of December I did the winter-bird count again. I saw surprisingly a Mallard in a small ditch that was still open, a Hazel Hen, 4 Rock Doves, 2 Great Spotted Woodpeckers, the best birds for a long time – 2 Great Grey Owls, 3 Long-tailed Tits, 11 Blue Tits, 93 Great Tits, a Crested Tit, a Jay, 3 Magpies, 65 Jackdaws, 19 Hooded Crows, 4 House and 44 Tree Sparrows, 13 Greenfinches, 55 Common Redpolls, an Arctic Redpoll and a Bullfinch. So there weren’t many birds in cold and quite windy weather but Great Grey Owl was a new species to count.

J.A.